5f – Heaven and Hell

Heaven and Hell

Heaven and Hell have both been created and are currently in existence, as evidenced by verses of the Qur’an.

“It (Heaven) has been prepared for the pious.” [Qur’an, 3:133]

“Guard yourselves against the fire which has been prepared for the disbelievers.”  [Qur’an, 3:131]

Heaven

There are different levels in Heaven.

“And for each, there are ranks based on what they did.”  [Qur’an, 6:132]

“Those who believe, and whose offspring follow them in faith, We shall unite their offspring with them, and We shall not cause decrease the reward of their deeds at all.” [Qur’an, 52:21]  Ibn `Abbas said, “Allah will elevate the offspring of the believer, even if they were beneath him in deeds, in order that his eye might delight in them.” [Narrated by Tabari and Bazzar] Read more

5d – The Resurrection Plain

Creatures of the Resurrection Plain

Mankind and jinn will be gathered there in their entirety, including even the rebellious devils.

“Then, by your Lord!  We shall surely gather them, and the devils, and then We shall bring them around Hell on their knees.” [Qur’an, 19:68.  See also 6:128]  Also, “the days will be gathered in their forms.” [Tabarani] The earth shall be gathered there.  “On that day, [the earth] shall relate its news, because your Lord shall have inspired it.” [Qur’an, 99:4-5]  On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be well pleased with him) : The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) recited these verses, then asked, “Do you know what its news is?”  The Companions replied, “Allah and His Messenger know best.” He said, “Its news is that it testifies over every male and female concerning that which he/she did on its surface; that it says, ‘He did such-and-such on such-and-such day.  That is its news.” [Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Nasa’i]  Animals will also be resurrected.  “There is no animal upon the earth, nor any bird which flies with its two wings, except that they are nations like you.  We have not neglected anything in the Record.  Then, to their Lord shall they be gathered.” [Qur’an, 6:38]  `Abdur-Razzaq has reported that Abu Hurayrah said that Allah will judge between the animals, and then after they have been given their justice, they will be turned to dust.  At this point, the disbeliever will wish that he, too, would have been turned to dust.  [See: Qur’an, 78:40.] Read more

5b – The End of This World

THE LAST DAY

The Last Day is so named because there is no day (of this world) after it.  On that day, Allah will cause this world to perish, and will replace it with another wherein people will be given the dues of their worldly actions.

The Time of Occurrence of the Last Day

Its exact time is known only to Allah.  “They ask you about the Hour, when will its coming be?  Say : its knowledge is only with my Lord.  None will reveal it at its time save Him.  [Its knowledge] is weighty upon the [inhabitants of the] heavens and the earth.  It will not come to you except suddenly.  They ask you as if you are well-informed about it.  Say : Its knowledge is only with Allah, but most of mankind do not know.” [Qur’an, 7:187]  At the end of the Jibreel hadith, the angel Gabriel asked the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), “When is the Hour?”  He replied, “The questioned is not more knowledgeable about it than the questioner,” and then recited a verse of the Qur’an.  “Indeed, with Allah is the knowledge of the Hour.” [Qur’an, 31:34]

Thus, it is totally forbidden to engage in speculation or calculation in order to try to predict the end of the world.  Anyone who believes that a psychic or fortune-teller shares in Allah’s knowledge of the Hidden, has left Islam.  On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be well pleased with him) : “Whoever came to a diviner, or a fortune-teller, and affirmed him in that which he said, has disbelieved in that which was revealed to Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace).” [Nasa’i, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and Al-Hakim]   Nor is it permissible to visit psychics and the like for fun, and the person who does risks losing his prayers for forty days.  “Whoever came to a fortune-teller, and asked him about something and then affirmed him , the salah of forty days will not be accepted from him.” [Narrated by Muslim] Read more