4. Practical Applications of the Belief in Destiny
4.1 Thankfulness in times of prosperity and well-being
The Muslim should always be thankful to Allah, for he owes all his favors to Him. We should be thankful in the good times such that we do not become arrogant and conceited. We should realize that any success we attain is from Allah, Who could withdraw it whenever He wills. We should not, therefore, be like Qarun, the evil kinsman of Prophet Moses `alayhis-salam, who had been given immense wealth, but claimed the credit for himself. “He said, ‘I have only been given it only because of knowledge which I possess.’ Did he not know that Allah has destroyed before him generations who were mightier than him in power, and greater in number?” [(28) Al-Qasas, 78]
Qarun attributed his wealth to knowledge : either religious knowledge – for it is said that he had memorized the Torah – or worldly knowledge, such as that of trade and commerce. He thus failed the test, for even if the wealth were a partial reward for piety, then in order to remain in the favor of Allah, he should have been thankful to Him and spent the money in good causes such as feeding the poor, helping the needy and working for justice. And, even if he had obtained the money through some worldly business expertise, he overlooked the fact that that was only a means, and that in fact the means themselves could not have been obtained, maintained and exercised without the will and grace of Allah.
“Then, when affliction smites man, he cries out to Us, then when We have removed it, as a favor from Us, he says, ‘I have only been given it based on knowledge.’ Nay! It is a test, but most of them do not know. Those before them said [the same], but all they earned did not avail them [aught].” [(39) Al-Zumar, 49-50] Read more
Praise be to Allah, and blessings and peace upon the Messenger of Allah.
Sha`ban in the eighth month of the Islamic calendar. There are numerous ahadith narrated about the 15th night of Sha`ban, indicating that it has a certain distinction over ordinary nights. While some of these narrations are undeniably weak, there are others which have been graded as reliable by some hadith experts. Among the most authentic of these are the following two:
1. Virtues of the 15th Night
1. Hafiz Ibn Hibban recorded in his “Sahih,” [vol XII, p. 481; #5665] :
From Makhul, from Malik ibn Yukhamir, from Mu`adh ibn Jabal
(may Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet, (may Allah bless
him and his Household and grant them peace), he said,
“Allah looks at His creation in the night of mid-Sha`ban;
He forgives all His creation except for a mushrik (polytheist) or
a mushahin (one who has illegitimate hatred or enmity of others).” Read more
1. Essentiality of the belief in destiny
The sixth pillar of faith is to believe in destiny, that the good of it and the bad of it is all from Allah. Allah, the Exalted, is the creator, Lord and sustainer of everything in existence. Neither good nor evil comes into being without His leave and knowledge. We do not say, as some religions do, that Allah is Lord of good, but Satan is in charge of the evil.
[We return shortly to the problem of how to reconcile the existence of evil with omnipotence of God.]
(NOTE: Qadar is sometimes translated as ‘destiny,’ and I am using this translation in this article, for easier reading, with the disclaimer that some people’s conceptions of destiny might not be compatible with the correct belief in qadar.)
“Say : Praise be to Allah Who has not taken a son, nor has He any partner in sovereignty.” [(17) Al-Isra, 111]
“Glory be to He in Whose Hand is sovereignty, and He has power over all things.” [(67) Al-Mulk, 1] Read more
(According to the Qur’an and Sunnah, as extracted and inferred by scholars of the Hanafi school.)
From “Mukhtasar al-Quduri“, a matn of Hanafi fiqh
- The Obligation of Fasting
- The Intention
- Sighting the Crescent
- For Ramadan
- For `Id
- Actions of the Fasting Person
- Things that do not break the fast
- Things that are disliked for the fastiung person
- Things that break the fast and require a makeup
- Things that break the fast, and require makeup and expiation
- Those who may postpone fasting
- Making up missed fasts
1. The time for fasting is from the rising of the second dawn
until the setting of the sun.
2. Fasting is : abstention from eating, drinking and sexual intercourse
by day with the intention.
3. If in Ramadan a child reached adulthood, or an unbeliever
accepted Islam, they abstain [from things which invalidate fasting] for
the remainder of that day, and fast that which comes thereafter.
They do not make up what passed. Read more